Beneficios del entrenamiento musical en el desarrollo infantil: una revisión sistemática.

Benefits of music training in child development: a systematic review.

María Angélica Benítez, Veronika Mariana Diaz Abrahan, Nadia Romina Justel

Resumen


Existen evidencias que establecen que desde la infancia temprana la educación musical influye positivamente en el desarrollo cognitivo del niño, al igual que diferentes componentes musicales contribuyen al desarrollo de las destrezas psicomotrices, emocionales y sociales. El procesamiento musical es un tema complejo. Desde el punto de vista cognitivo, la producción, la percepción musical y los aspectos del discurso musical, como el timbre, la intensidad, el ritmo, la altura, son procesados en diferentes partes del cerebro y su estructuración puede variar de una persona a otra dependiendo de su experiencia musical. A lo largo de esta revisión se presentarán los antecedentes en relación con los beneficios del entrenamiento musical en el desarrollo cognitivo de niños durante la primera infancia, haciendo hincapié en las diferencias que conllevan los entrenamientos receptivos en comparación a los activos, extendiendo los efectos al campo de la musicoterapia y el uso de las técnicas con fines terapéuticos.



There are evidences that establish that from early childhood musical education has a positive effect on the cognitive development of the child, as well as different musical components contribute to the development of psychomotor, emotional and social skills. The musical processing is a complex issue. From a cognitive point of view production, music perception and aspects of the musical discourse, such as timbre, intensity, pace, and tonality, are processed in different parts of the brain and their structure may vary from one person to another, depending on their musical experience. Throughout this review, we will present the background related to the benefits of musical training in cognitive development of children during early childhood, emphasizing differences that involves receptive training compared to active, extending the effects to the field of music therapy and the use of techniques with therapeutic purposes.

Palabras clave


Entrenamiento musical; plasticidad; cognición; infancia; memoria.



Musical training; plasticity; cognition; childhood; memory.

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